International Journal of Engineering Research in Electronics and Communication Engineering(IJERECE)

Monthly Journal for Electronics and Communication Engineering

Volume4,October 2017,

Topic : A Survey on Emergency Navigation using Wireless sensor Networks

Authors:P.Prittopaul || R.Vijayalakshmi

Abstract:Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) provide emergency navigation services, given their easy deployment and the ability of intelligent sensing and communication. They help people in escaping from a hazardous region safely and quickly when an emergency occurs. However guiding more and more people to the same exit, causes congestion which does not help in timely evacuation. Many a times, trapped people move back and forth during navigation, known as oscillation. Frequent oscillations lead to the people remaining in danger for a longer period of time, and decreases their chances of survival. The evacuation systems must provide shortest and safest navigation path with reduced congestion. In this paper, we give a survey of various emergency navigation schemes. The existing systems are evaluated in terms of parameters such as scalability, congestion avoidance, evacuation time, survival rate, communication cost, reaction to emergency dynamics and navigation efficiency with guaranteed safety..

Keywords: Congestion, Emergency, Navigation, Wireless Sensor Network (WSN).

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DOI: 01.1617/vol4/iss10/pid73816


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Dr.Zhongfu Tan
National Professor,
North China Electric Power University,
CHINA


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