Author : Suresh Mer 1
Date of Publication :7th June 2015
Abstract: This paper gives a review of Future Trends in Distributed Renewable Energy System. Distributed Renewable Systems (DER) or Distributed Generation (DG) systems are small-scale, on-site power sources located at or near customers’ homes or businesses. Some common examples include rooftop solar panels, energy storage devices ,fuel cells, micro turbines, small wind, and combined heat and power systems. Customers with these types of generation systems connect to the local electric grid and use the grid both to buy power from their local electric company during times when their DG Systems are not producing enough to meet their needs and to sell power to their electric Company when their systems are producing more electricity than is needed.
1) M. A. Khan, M. Z. Khan, K. Zaman, and L. Naz, â€•Global estimates of energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions,â€– Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 29, pp. 336–344, 2014.
2) IEA, Renewable energy outlook/Global Energy Trends, 2012.
3) T. Vijaya, priya and D. P. Kothari, â€•Smart grid: an overview,â€– Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, vol. 2, pp. 305–311, 2011
4) International Energy Agency (IEA), World Energy Outlook 2004, OECD/IEA, Paris, France, 2004.
5) BP, â€•British Petroleum (BP),â€– BP, London, UK, 2004.
6) Goldenberg, World energy assessment overview, 2004.
7) IEA, â€•International Energy Agency (IEA),â€– OECD/IEA, Paris, France, 2000
8) BP, â€•BP Energy Outlook 2035,â€– 2014
9) International Energy Agency (IEA), World Energy Investment Outlook: 2003 Insights, OECD/IEA, Paris, France, 2003.
10) L. B. Becker, Renewable Energy Policies and Barriers, vol. 5 of Encyclopedia of Energy, Academic/Elsevier, New York, NY, USA, 2004.
11) IEA, â€•World energy outlook,â€– Medium-Term Oil and Gas Market Reports, 2009.
12) Becker, Renewable Energy Policies and Barriers, vol. 5 of Encyclopedia of Energy, Academic/Elsevier, New York, NY, USA, 2004
13) Energy Information Administration (EIA), International Energy Outlook, 2006.
14) REO, â€•Renewable energy outlook,â€– World Energy Outlook 2012, 2012,
15) G. P. J. Verbong, S. Beemsterboer, and F. Sengers, â€•Smart grids or smart users? Involving users in developing a low carbon electricity economy,â€– Energy Policy, vol. 52, pp. 117–125, 2013. View at Publisher
16) An article in Electrical India Magazine by Dr. Vithal N Kamath, Vol. Nov 2014, Pg 34 – 50
17) S. Blumsack and A. Fernandez, â€•Ready or not, here comes the smart grid!,â€– Energy, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 61– 68, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
18) D. H. Mohsenian-Rad, Communications and Control in Smart Grid, 2012.
19) K. Moslehi and R. Kumar, â€•Smart grid—a reliability perspective,â€– in Proceedings of the Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference (ISGT '10), IEEE, Washington, DC, USA, January 2010
20) J. M. Chevalier, â€•Security of energy supply for the European union,â€– European Review of Energy Markets, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 1–20, 2006
21) IEA, World Energy Outlook 2007—China and India Insights, International Energy Agency, Paris, France, 2007.
22) J. C. Jansen, W. G. van Arkel, and M. G. Boots, â€•Designing indicators of long energy supply security,â€– 2004.
23) J. Martchamadol and S. Kumar, â€•Thailand's energy security indicators,â€– Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 6103–6122, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
24) IEA, â€•Energy Security and Climate Policy,â€– 2007
25) M. K. Datar, â€•Stock market liquidity: measurement and implications,â€– in Proceedings of the 4th Capital Market Conference, 2000
26) N. C. Batista, R. Melício, J. C. O. Matias, and J. P. S. Catalão, â€•Photovoltaic and wind energy systems monitoring and building/home energy management using ZigBee devices within a smart grid,â€– Energy, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 306–315, 2013
27) J. McDonald, â€•Adaptive intelligent power systems: active distribution networks,â€– Energy Policy, vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 4346–4351, 2008.
28) V. H. Mendez, J. Rivier, J. I. Fuente, T. Gomez, and J. Arceluz, Impact of Distribute Generation on Distribution Network, Universidad Pontificia Comillas, Madrid, Spain, 2002.
29) IEA, â€•Renewable energy outlook,â€– Global Energy Trends, 2013.
30) â€•Smart Grid Apps: Six trends that will shape grid evolution,â€– 2011.
31) R. G. Pratt, P. J. Balducci, T. F. Sanquist et al., The Smart Grid: An Estimation of the Energy and CO2 Benefits, R. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Washington, DC, USA, 2010.
32) NEB, SuruhanjayaTenaga (Energy Commission), National Energy Balance, PusatTenaga, Malaysia, 2012.
33) A Review of Hybrid Renewable/Alternative Energy Systems for Electric Power Generation:Configurations, Control, and Applications IEEE TRANS ACTIONS ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, VOL. 2, NO. 4, OCTOBER