Open Access Journal

ISSN : 2394 - 6849 (Online)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electronics and Communication Engineering(IJERECE)

Monthly Journal for Electronics and Communication Engineering

Open Access Journal

International Journal of Engineering Research in Electronics and Communication Engineering(IJERECE)

Monthly Journal for Electronics and Communication Engineering

ISSN : 2394-6849 (Online)

Automated Irrigation System Using GSM Module

Author : Siddharth Bhattacharjee 1 Machina Hema Mani Kumar 2 P.N.Vaidyanathan 3

Date of Publication :7th July 2016

Abstract: The increasing demand of the food supplies requires a rapid improvement in food production technology. In many countries where agriculture plays an important part in shaping up the economy and the climatic conditions are isotropic, but still we are not able to make full use of agricultural resources. One of the main reason is the lack of rain & scarcity of land reservoir water. Also, the unplanned use of water inadvertently resulting in water wastage. The aim of our project is to minimize the manual intervention of the farmer, which is why we are using a micro-controller PIC- PERIPHERAL INTERRUPT CONTROLLER. It's done using a GSM MODULE attached with the Automated Irrigation System. The micro-controller based AUTOMATED IRRIGATION SYSTEM will serve the following purposes: 1) As there is planned usage of water, a lot of water is saved from being wasted. 2) The soil is irrigated when there is not enough moisture in the soil and the microcontroller decides when should the pump be turned on/off . 3) The water level Indicator checks the amount of water in the water container. Thus this saves much time of the farmers, as they don’t have to go and turn the pump on/off manually by monitoring various soil parameters for controlled Irrigation.

Reference :

  1. [1] J. Xiaohua and T. Fangpin, “The study and development of system for automatic irrigation,” Irrigation and Drainage, Vol.21, No.4, pp. 25-27, Dec. 2002

    [2]Dubey, V. ; Dubey, N. ; Chouhan, S. S. , "Wireless Sensor Network Based Remote Irrigation Control System and Automation Using DTMF Code," Communication Systems and Network Technologies (CSNT), 2011 International Conference on, vol., no., pp.34, 37, 3-5 June 20 II.


    [4] Cardenas-Lailhacar, B. _2006_. "Sensor-based automation of irrigation Of bermudagrass." MS thesis, Agricultural andBiological EngineeringDept., Univ. of Florida, Gainesville

    [5] "Micro controller PICI6F877 A Data sheet", Available: http://www.microchip.comlwwwproductslDevices. aspx Available:

    [6] M. Mafuta, M. Zennaro, A. Bagula, G. Ault, H. Gombachika, and T. Chadza"Successful deployment of a wirelesssensor network for precision agriculture in malawi," International Journal ofDistributed Sensor Networks,vol. 2013,2013.

    [7] Z. Xiangqing and C. Zhixiong, "Designof Remote Distributed Temperature andHumidity Real-Time Monitoring System[J]," Computer Measurement & Control, vol. 1, p. 019, 2010.

    [8] G. Barrenetxea, F. Ingelrest, G. Schaefer, and M.Vetterli, "Wireless Sensor Networks for EnvironmentalMonitoring: The Sensor Scope Experience," 2008 IEEE international Zurich Seminar on Communications, pp. 98-101, Mar. 2008.

    [9] Aqeel-ur-Rehman, Abu Zafar Abbasi , Noman Islam ,Zubair Ahmed Shaikh, "A review of wireless sensors and networks' applications in agriculture", Computer standards& Interfaces (2011), Elsevier,doi: 1 0.1016/j.csi.2011.03.004.

    [10] K. Martinez, R. Ong, J. Hart, Glacsweb: "A sensor network for hostile environments", IEEESECON I (2004) 81- 87.

    [11] G.W. Allen, K. Lorincz, M. Welsh, O. Marcillo, et aI.,"Deploying a wireless sensor network on an active volcano", IEEE Internet Computing 10 (2) (2006) 18-25.

    [12] Ipsita Das, CPRG Naveen, Shailendra S. Yadav,Abhishek, A. Kodilkar, N.G.Shah, S.N.Merchant,U.B.Desai, "WSN Monitoring of Weather and Crop Parameters for Possible Disease Risk Evaluation for Grape Farms - SulaVineyards, A Case Study". Presented in the Geomatri'09 Indian conference, Oral Session Five 1 st March 2009.

    [13] Smarsly, K. "Agricultural ecosystem monitoring based on autonomous sensor system", AgroGeoinformatics(AgroGeoinformatics), 2013 Page(s):402- 407.

    [14] Vishwakarma, R. G. ; Choudhary, V. , "Wireless solution for irrigation in agriculture," Signal Processing, Communication, Computing and Networking Technologies (ICSCCN), 2011 International Conference on,vol., no. , pp.61, 63, 21-22 July 20 II.

    [15] L. Longchang and W. Yanjun, “Pipeline Water Delivery Technology,” China Water Power Press, pp. 33-35, March 1998.

    [16] G. Yang, Y. Liu, L. Zhao, S. Cui, Q. Meng and H. Chen, “Automatic Irrigation System Based on Wireless Network,” 8th IEEE International Conference on Control and Automation, pp. 2120-2125, June 2010.

    [17] (2012)Garden4less.[Online].Available: sp

    [18] B.C. Lailhacar, M.D. Dukes and G.L. Miller, “SensorBased Control of Irrigation in Bermuda grass,” ASAE Annual International Meeting, ASAE Tampa Convention Center, Tampa, Florida, pp. 1-14, July 2005.

    [19] Y. Genghuang, G. Kairong, and L. Yawei, “Development of controller for automatic irrigation based on GSM network,” Journal of Shenyang Agricultural University, Vol.36, No.6, pp. 753-755, Dec. 2005.

    [20] H. Wu-quan, C. Ming-ke, W. Yu-bao and W. Xiao-jian, “Automatic Water Supply Control System of Graded Constant Pressure by Variable Frequency Speed and Its Application to Pipeline Irrigation,” 2nd WRI Global Congress on Intelligent Systems, Vol.1, pp. 385-388, Dec. 2010.

    [21] L. Wenyan, “Design of Wireless Water-Saving Irrigation System Based on Solar Energy,” International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems Engineering, pp. 1-4, July 2011.

    [22] [Online]. Available:

    [23] W. Huang, T. Zeng, L. Ye and Z. Li, “A self-acting water pump control system for residential buildings based on resonance water level sensor , ”International Conference on Electric Information and Control Engineering, pp. 1112- 1115, April 2011

    [24] J. Balendonck, J. Hemming, B. VanTuijl, A. Pardossi, L. Incrocci, and P. Marzialetti, "Sensors and wireless sensor networks for irrigation management under deficit conditions (FLOW-AID),"in Proceedings of the International Conference on Agricultural Engineering (Ag Eng 2008), 2008. the facilities to carry out our research and project work

Recent Article